What are Course outcomes and Program outcomes in NBA?

What are Course outcomes and Program outcomes in NBA?

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Program Outcomes (POs)
POs are statements about the knowledge, skills and attitudes (attributes) the graduate of a formal engineering program should have. POs deal with the general aspect of graduation for a particular program, and the competencies and expertise a graduate will possess after completion of the program.

These are broad and covers a wider area than of COs. the NBA has set 12 Program Outcomes, or Graduate Attributes for the sake of unity and quality assurance. We’ll discuss each of them here. The Program Outcomes set by the institution must reflect on these.

Course Outcomes (COs)
POs are attained through program specific Core Courses, which has their own previously set outcomes to attain. These course-specific outcomes are called Course Outcomes. Each course is designed to meet (about 5–6) Course Outcomes Course Outcomes. The Course Outcomes are stated in such a way that they can be actually measured.

COs are set by the institution, by consulting with the department heads, faculty, students and other stakeholders.

For eg., a course such as Mechanical Engineering might have the following course outcomes set.

  • Understanding systems of an automobile,
  • Design of an engine Design of an engine,
  • Troubleshooting an engine,
  • Performance of an engine,
  • Design of a transmission system etc.

Program Specific Outcomes (PSOs)
Program Educational Objectives (PEO) are statements that describe the career and professional accomplishments that the program is preparing the graduates to achieve. PEO’s are measured 4–5 years after graduation.

They are set in order to measure the effectiveness of the program, and to check whether it has prepared the students to deal with the real world, where they could apply and use the skills and knowledge they’ve learned to good use.

Each program shall specify 2–4 program specific outcomes for the accreditation by the NBA.

The blog of Linways has more detailed version of this. You could check that for further referance:


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